tribes of the ancient Uighur people, living in Central Asia,
had to leave the region due to drastic climatic changes. The
climate of the northern hemisphere has been alternating
periodically during the last 20,000 years. The graph below
shows this periodical alteration
We see that
the average fluctuation of 6 degrees Centigrade can result in
major climatic changes. The red line indicates the end of the
ice age, which can be estimated to be around 16,000 years BP.
Another cold period happened about 11,000 years ago. Nowadays
we are in the global warming period. The present melting of
the polar ice sheet may be partly related to this raise in
been a warming period between 16,000 to 14,000 years BP.
During this period large lakes and internal sees formed in the
central-west parts of Asia. But another cold spell swept these
regions around 11,000 years BP. As a result of such climatic
changes, rivers and lakes retreated to leave their place to
semi-desert taiga, swamp and tundra. This situation was
mentioned in the first chapter,
The Uighur Empire. As
a result of these drastic climatic changes several waves of
migrations happened out of Central Asia. The new geological
epoch, which started about 10,000 years BP, is defined as The
topography of west-central Asia is shown in the left side of
the map above (2).
There were many lakes and even huge internal sees in this
region. The Black Sea had a connection to these internal
lakes. This map is also supporting William Ryan and Walter
Pitman (Chapter 1, Ref: 4) who claim that a flood came from
the west into these regions.
Most of the
internal lakes and rivers are dried-up nowadays and only the
Aral and the Balkash lakes as well as some large rivers are
left behind. The name of this region was
Oq-Uruq (shown on the
map) in the early times and today it is Okruk. Present day
Okruk region is shown in red in the small map of Russia. The
adjacent region is shown in yellow, where the Ob River flows.
The Aral Lake is shown on the lower-left side of the map on
the right hand side.
(Okh-urugu) means “the Ok settlement” (see
The Asiatic Scythians)
and the Ob River was probably called Ok. The present name “Ob”
is the result of a linguistic shift from a velar “k” to a
labial “b”. The people living in these regions speak the
Ob-Ugric languages, which belong to the Finno-Ugric and
Ural-Altaic language groups. The name Ural stems from the Ural
Mountains, which are considered
to form the
natural boundary between Asia and Europe. We see that the name
of these mountains is formed of Ur, being the ancient word for
“settle” and Al, meaning “take” in Turkish.
vast Ok-Uruk region is split into small autonomous Oblasts and
Okrugs. Oblast is the Russian word standing for “area”,
“district” or “region”. The people in the Okruk region call
themselves the Khant and the Mans. The name Khant is probably
related to Khang, which is the title given to all Eurasian
rulers. We find the following titles in Eurasian:
Early title for “ruler” in the proto-language.
Central-Asiatic spiritual leader and Shaman person.
Ancient Turkish and Mongol ruler.
Turkish ruler of the Ottoman Empire.
Title of the Chinese emperor.
King of the Chinese kingdom.
Central-Asiatic and ancient Bulgarian ruler. Also found in
King in Swedish.
King in German
KÝNG in English.
forms are Kaiser, from prehistoric Germanic and Caesar in
Latin, both coming from
Ok-As-Er in the proto-language. We also find the
word “Kami” in Japanese meaning “god”. This word is, most
probably, related to Kam, since the Kam could perform
spiritual flights and talk to the gods. A further indication
exists in the Japanese word “ookami” meaning “wolf” but also
“sacred deity”, since “oo” means “sacred” and the wolf was
also considered to be sacred by Central-Asiatic people.
interesting to note that “oo”, which is an exclamation sound
of veneration uttered in front of superior and important
persons or situations, found its way as “awe” in English,
“haut” in French (meaning “high”) and “haupt” in German. The
“h” in French is aspirated and is not pronounced. There may or
may not be a direct link between the Japanese “oo” and the
French “haut”, but the similarity in the sound and in the
meaning has its origins in the proto-language (see Chapter 2,
Diversification of Languages).
The wolf was
a holy symbol not only for the Japanese people but also for
the Turkic and Germanic people too. Some Turkic nations
adopted the wolf as their holy totem animal because of its
independent character -refusing to be tamed- and its ability
to hunt in packs. On a stone inscription found in central Asia
the following sentence can be read in ancient Turkish
“Because God gave power to my
father the Kagan his army was like hunting wolves”
There is here a clear respect for the wolf as being an animal
of power but also as an animal having a social organization
and knowing how to hunt as a group. This aspect of the wolf
was so much venerated that the wolf-head symbol has been
selected to appear on certain Turkic flags. We see the Göktürk
ancient Teutonic beliefs the Germanic people were led by a
wolf named Wolfgang, which in German means "The walking wolf".
"gang" stands for "going", an indication for the Shaman
showing the way and leading the tribe. The same figure is
found in the Turkish mythology where a female wolf named “Asena”
(As-ana meaning “mother of the As people”) leads the tribe out
of a mountainous region named Oetueken. Such cultural
correlations are indications of common ancestral links.